#13: Cocaine, Ritalin and the Finance Industry - Peter Luc Bossaerts

Peter Luc Bossaerts is the world's leading expert in experimental finance and pioneered the field of "neuroeconomics". He is now the Redmond Barry Distinguished Professor and Professor of Experimental Finance and Decision Neuroscience at the University of Melbourne, and was Division Chair at the California Institute of Technology, and his articles have been published in journals like Econometrica.

He is currently conducting research with Dr Carsten Murawski on the use of smart drugs, such as Modafinil, Ritalin and Adderall, by finance professionals in Australia - the men and women who jointly manage over $2 trillion of the nation's retirement savings. 

In this episode, the Swagmen discover some of Peter's preliminary findings. We discuss what percentage of professionals are using smart drugs, whether usage is safe in the long-term, and why researchers test sewerage for traces of cocaine. 

Listeners who work in the finance industry are encouraged to take Peter and Carsten's survey.


Show Notes:

- Hear the unedited long form interview with Peter here
If you work in the Australian Finance sector help Peter out and take his survey 
- Peter recommends Dictator by Robert Harris, buy it here

#12: Why You Shouldn't Eat, Two Days a Week - Dr Michael Mosley

#1 New York Times bestselling author, award-winning journalist, presenter or producer of over 25 BBC documentaries, and self-confessed "human guinea pig" Dr Michael Mosley joins us this week on the pod. We are so excited to bring you this episode because Michael has revolutionised how literally millions of people think about their health - including the Swagmen. 

Best known for popularising the 5:2 diet, where you drastically restrict your calorie intake on two days every week, his medical investigations have extended to High-Intensity Interval Training, The 8-Week Blood Sugar Diet, and most recently, The Clever Guts Diet. Michael has been named "Medical Journalist of the Year" by the British Medical Association and has also executive-produced the three most popular science or history programmes of the last decade: Pompeii: The Last Day, Supervolcano and Krakatoa.

In the first part of this episode, we chat with Michael about the proper 5:2 diet, including how it should be followed and how it has been misapplied. We then discuss why you should eat a "Mediterranean diet", and how you can optimize your gut health to live a longer, healthier, happier life. 


Show Notes:

- Check out a few of Dr Mosley's books
- John Galbraith's The Great Crash 1929
The inspiration behind David Cameron's 'Nudge Unit' - Cass Sunstein + Richard Thalers's Nudge
- Michael's 2012 Documentary, Eat, Fast and Live Longer which kicked off the fasting revolution

Finally...your Stoic cartoon of the week

#11: 'London Bridge is Down' - Sam Knight

Queen Elizabeth II has ruled as Britain’s monarch for 65 years. At the age of 91, her reign will end very soon, and Charles will be crowned King. But what happens when a Queen dies? And what on earth does ‘London Bridge is Down’ mean?

The Jolly Swagmen catch up with New Yorker and Guardian journalist Sam Knight, an Englishman who earlier this year wrote a stunning article about Buckingham Palace’s secret plans for the Queen’s death and funeral. We discuss the details of these plans, what her passing will mean for the future of the UK and the Commonwealth, and the story behind writing the article, as well as some of Sam’s other secrets for top-tier journalism.

Show Notes:

- London Bridge is Down - Sam Knight
- Sam Knight - Twitter
- The Funeral of King George VI - The Last Journey
Long Live the Queen - 1952

#10: Fearlessness, Founding Companies, and Full-time Adventuring - Patrick Sweeney

Patrick Sweeney is making a career as an adventurer and fear guru. Whether it's cycling the seven summits or biking to Everest Base Camp, Patrick is officially setting world records. His frontier-busting attitude was forged in the single scull, winning international races from Norway to Canada as a young man. Patrick then moved into startups, and has been successful as both entrepreneur and investor, founding multi-million dollar tech companies and now advising or investing in up to thirty companies. 

The Swagmen uncover how you can instil fearlessness in your own life, as well as Patrick's number one nugget of advice for founders, and some hair-raising adventure stories. Listen and live a fearless life!

Show Notes:

- Check out Patrick's website and stay up to date with his adventures
- Outliers, Malcolm Gladwell
- Peak, Anders Ericsson (where he clears up Gladwell's misappropriation of the 10,000 hours rule)
- The OODA Loop, John Boyd (very handy)

Patrick's preferred podcasts (besides us, obviously):
- Training Beta
- The Good Life Project
- How hard can it be

As promised...a link to our favourite Stoic quote...

#9: A Soldier's Guide to Survival in Afghanistan - Charlie Thompson

Charlie Thompson served in Canada's elite Close Protection Unit, completing two tours of Afghanistan in 2006 and 2008. His job was to protect dignitaries, foreign leaders, and VIPs in one of the world's most dangerous regions - Kandahar Province. Perhaps more impressively for Charlie, he has successfully reintegrated into civilian life after returning from service. Sadly, the story of coming home is not as easy for many military personnel.

Charlie cracked a fresh bottle of Maple Syrup to chat with the Swagmen about the visceral feeling of coming under attack in Kandahar City, why scanning from right to left could save your life, and the daily routine of living in a warzone. 


#8: Not Drinking (Alcohol) For a Year - Chris Raine

Chris Raine is CEO and Founder of Hello Sunday Morning, a charity that challenges people to give up alcohol for 3, 6 or 12 months. The organisation grew out of his own experience going dry in 2009, and has since taken him to Oxford as a Skoll Scholar and the Young Australian of the Year Awards as a National Finalist. HSM has changed the lives of thousands of Australians seeking to go sober.

Your jolly, but not tipsy, Swagmen catch up with Chris on a Sunday morning at his Bondi apartment to discover strategies for resisting social pressure at parties, the definition of a drug, and why you too should try the not drinking experiment, at least for a few months.


Show Notes:
- Check it out! Hello Sunday Morning

#7: Life's a Pitch - Ian Elliot

Ian Elliot is Australia's advertising guru. Former CEO and Chairman of George Patterson, he worked his way from the mail room to the very top, turning it into the largest ad agency in the country. He was the architect behind iconic brands including Optus, VB, Arnotts, and designed the communications strategy for the Sydney 2000 Olympics. Chances are, you bought several things in the 90s or early 2000s because of Ian. But, having the best ideas didn't always guarantee he'd win the account - which is why he mastered the art of pitching. He co-authored Stop Bitching, Start Pitching to crystallise that idea.

The Jolly Swagmen enjoy a chinwag with Ian about how to script the perfect elevator pitch, how to shatter the 'yeah-but' filter, and the six fundamental needs of every human that you can harness to make sure your ideas win, every time.

#6: Really Bad Memes - Dart Sultan

Dart Sultan: enigma, humourist, meme king. An anonymous Melbourne man on the rise, having amassed 185,000 Facebook followers (at time of recording) on his page Shit Memes, Dart Sultan is out to expose really bad memes for what they are.

The Jolly Swagmen unmask him in Melbourne to learn which social media trends grind his gears most, how much money he's been offered for his Facebook page, and the most beautiful meme of all.

Show Notes:

- Yeah Boy! 
- Astronomically Atheist

- Shit Memes Facebook page

#5: A Crash in Two Years - Steve Keen

Few people saw the Global Financial Crisis coming. Steve Keen was one of them. He is a ferocious critic of the neoclassical school of economics, which continues to dictate thinking within governments, universities and the financial sector. Steve is a maverick and a contrarian, with an anti-authoritarian streak – labels you rarely hear applied to economics professors. In 2001, he published his central critique in a book, Debunking Economics. He now teaches at Kingston University in London.

In this episode, Steve offers the Swagmen an insight into his unique worldview. We discuss why economics is flawed, whether he actually ever lost the notorious housing market bet he made in 2010, and why the world, including Australia, is headed for another economic crash – within the next two years.

Show Notes:

- Keynes' General Theory of Employment 

- Hyman Minsky's Can 'It' Happen Again?

- Steve Keen's Debunking Economics

- Thoman Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

- John Anderson's More is Different

- Steve Keen's Can We Avoid Another Financial Crisis?

- Steve Keen's DebtDeflation blog

- Hyman Minsky's John Maynard Keynes

- John Blatt's Dynamic Economic Systems 


Neoclassical Economics (Friedrich Hayek): Neoclassical economics is an approach to economics focusing on the relationship of goods, outputs, and income distributions in markets through supply and demand.

Keynesian Economics: In the short run, and especially during recessions, economic output is strongly influenced by demand (total spending in the economy).

Supply/demand curves: Demand refers to how much (quantity) of a product or service is desired by buyers. Supply represents how much the market can offer.

Keynesian/Neoclassical Synthesis: A post WWII movement in economics that worked towards absorbing the theories of Keynes into Neoclassical Economics (see above). 

Post-Keynesian Economics

First Principles Reasoning: A first principle is a basic, foundational, self-evident proposition or assumption that cannot be deduced from any other proposition or assumption. First principles do not make assumptions in their arguments. 

2nd Law of Thermodynamics: The second law of thermodynamics says that when energy changes from one form to another form, disorder increases. Put simply, when a transfer of energy occurs, there is a residual amount of energy that is left redundant. . 

#4: Building a Restaurant Empire - Matt Moran

Matt Moran is well known on the Australian restaurant scene. Raised on a dairy farm in Sydney's West, he started in the kitchen at 15, with ambitions of one day being promoted to the deep fryer. Matt made it to the fryer and just kept on going. He now has a sprawling empire, comprising over 30 businesses, spread from Melbourne to Brisbane, with 1800 staff on the books.

In this episode, the Swagmen sit down with Matt at his Sydney restaurant Chiswick. We discuss the need for constant evolution, constructing a narrative and the importance of 'market research'.

Show Notes:

- Matt showing his dislike for food

- The Swagmen highly recommend Chiswick Restaurant, terrific!